“Productive” woody plants

In addition to apple, pear, cherry and other common fruit trees (including the fabulous columnar forms) consider including some of the following trees or shrubs in your productive landscape:

Bamboo (Phyllostachys sp.) Full sun to partial shade, moist soil, woody grass to 25’, evergreen; harvest new shoots in early spring before they exceed 10”.

Common blueberry (Vaccinium sp.) Full sun for best fruiting, height and habit varies with cultivar, good hedge plant; delicious summer berries.

Crabapple (Malus sp.) Full sun to partial shade, height and habit varies with cultivar, deciduous; abundant and showy spring flowers are followed by beautifully colorful fall fruit.

Eastern redbud (Cercis canadensis)  Full sun to part shade, height to 20’ with a broad flat crown, deciduous; spring flowers are edible.

Evergreen huckleberry (Vaccinium ovatum)  Tolerates shade growing  6-8’ without pruning; grows to just 3’ in full sun, evergreen; late summer harvest of sweet/tart blue-black berries.

Fig (Ficus carica)   Full sun, height to 25’ but can be kept smaller with pruning, deciduous; late summer harvest.

Gooseberries and currants (Ribes sp.)  Full sun to part shade, 4-6’ shrub, deciduous; beautiful flowers and delicious jewel-colored fruit in summer.

Himalayan huckleberry (Vaccinium glauco album) Partial shade, growth 3’x 3’, evergreen; late summer harvest of blue-black berries with a sharp flavor.

Persimmon (Diosporyus sp.) Full sun, Asian varieties to 15’, American varieties to 35’ although may be kept smaller with pruning, deciduous; gorgeous orange fruit ripens in the fall.

Pineapple guava (Feijoa sellowiana) Full sun, multi-stemmed shrub 8-10’, evergreen; Raintree Nursery says the spring flowers taste like “cinnamon cotton candy”; 2” silver fruit with a tropical flavor only ripen in our warmest regions.

Quince (Cydonia oblonga) Full sun, height 20-25’, deciduous; closely related to apples and pears the bright gold, fuzzy and strongly fragrant fruit ripens in late fall.

Rugosa Rose (Rosa rugosa)  Full sun to part shade, 4-6’, deciduous; excellent as a flowering hedge, harvest fleshy hips in the fall.

Serviceberry (Amelanchier grandiflora)  Full sun to part shade, single or multi-stemmed tree 15-20’, deciduous with excellent fall color; this Northwest native bears large, red berries in July.

Wintergreen (Gaultheria procumbens) Full to part shade, creeping groundcover to 6”, evergreen; bright red pithy berries begin to ripen in August.  Both berries and leaves taste strongly of wintergreen Lifesaver candy.

Chokeberry (Aronia sp.) Full sun to part shade, sprawling shrub to 5-6’ and as wide, deciduous with beautiful fall color; berries ripen in fall and like cranberries are tart, astringent and very high in vitamin C.

Elderberry (Sambucus sp.) Full sun to part shade, suckering shrub to 15-20’, deciduous, several cultivars with ornamental foliage; spring flowers may be steeped in wine or prepared as a fritter; blue, black or golden berries ripen in late summer.

In addition to these suggestions, woody herbs and fruiting vines contribute to a garden of ornamental beauty and fruitful abundance.  Don’t forget citrus, pomegranate and nut trees where conditions are appropriate.